Food production, as the name suggests, is all about preparing food in which raw materials are transformed into ready-made food products for human consumption either in the home or in the food processing industries. It involves art and scientific approach. Food production has various sections and it starts with basic things like cleaning, packing, segregating, sorting, preparing, adding ingredients in correct proportions, presenting, etc.

How is food produced?

There are large numbers of plant and animal products, which are used for our wellbeing. They provide us food and the daily food, which we eat, comes from both plants and animals. These include grains, pulses, spices, honey, nuts, cereals, milk, vegetables, fruits, egg, meat, chicken, etc. The existence of our life is completely depended on plants and animals. Altogether both plant and animal species provide 90% of the global energy.

 Types of food production

Food production is further classified into different types including, cultivation, selection, crop management, harvesting, crop production, preserving, baking, pasteurizing, pudding, carving, butchers, fermenting, pickling, drink and candy makers, restaurants, etc.

 Methods of food production

Chopping or slicing of vegetables.
• Curing food.
• Grinding and marinating.
• Emulsification.
• Food fermentation.
• Fermenting beer at brewing industries.
• Boiling, broiling, frying, grilling, steaming and mixing.
• Pasteurization.
• Fruit juice processing.
• Removing the outer layers either by peeling and skinning.
• Gasification of soft drinks.

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